London, city, capital of
the UK. It is among the oldest of the world’s great cities -its history
spanning nearly two millennia- and one of the most cosmopolitan.
far Britain's largest metropolis, it is also the country’s economic,
transportation, and cultural center. London has been a major settlement
for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans. The City of
London, London's ancient core and financial center -an area of just 1.12
square miles (2.9 km) and colloquially known as the Square Mile- retains boundaries that closely follow its medieval limits. The adjacent city of Westminster is an Inner London borough and has for centuries been
the location of much of the national government. Thirty-one
additional boroughs north and south of the river also comprise modern
London. London is governed by the mayor of London and the London
The evacuation and bombing during World War II were a turning point in
London’s history because they brought the long era of expansive suburbanization
to a sudden end. After the war, the government decided that the metropolis had
grown too much for its own economic and social good and that its growth was a
strategic risk. A Green Belt was imposed, and subsequent growth was diverted
beyond it. Finally, London’s administrative boundaries were redrawn to
incorporate almost the entire physical metropolis, resulting in present-day
Study in London
-London has one of the highest concentrations of elite
universities, with about 40 institutions packed into the capital
-The strong network of university facilities,
the broad career opportunities, the thriving social life, and the melting pot of
-A wide choice in selecting your field of study and institution.
-Shorter duration of courses in the UK helps reduce tuition and
-The English language support to help you develop excellent language
skills, which has crucial importance in the global digital arena and increases
one's chances of employment
-Promoting close student-teacher interaction with a provision of combining
different subjects into a single course.
Advantages of the London
-Excellent public transport system. The combination of London Underground
trains (known locally as "the tube") and the buses will get you
anywhere for a reasonable price. If you don't mind paying more, you can get a
cab. -Lots of culture, whether it's museums, art galleries, theaters, and much
of it is free. -Lots of companies are London-based so there are plenty of job
opportunities, if you have the qualifications. -The music scene is pretty awesome too, whether you like to see big acts on
world tours, or more alternative or breaking bands in intimate surroundings. -Travel to other parts of the UK is pretty straightforward too. If you
don't want to drive there are multiple train stations. There are three major
airports (Heathrow, Gatwick, Stansted) in the London area too. -As well as being cosmopolitan and welcoming, overall London is also
generally a friendly and polite city. -London has lots of big leafy parks to stroll through, if you tire of the
concrete and brick. Hyde Park, Green Park, Regent’s Park and Richmond Park are
all easy to get to by tube. -Living in London means being able to access the UK's free health system.
London has the largest emergency ambulance system in the world, which should
reassure you. -Lots of restaurants, pubs, bars, cafes, and nightclubs to enjoy, if you
are feeling social. -London is relatively safe, with plenty of CCTV cameras and a professional
police force. -London is a great place to start a business, ranking repeatedly as one of
the top ten cities. Tax and legalities are generally favorable and there is
plenty of scope for finding the right area. -Historical landmarks are everywhere. It's difficult to go anywhere in
central London without passing multiple historical and famous buildings. -Despite being expensive generally, there are some great markets where you
can buy affordable fruit, vegetables, clothes, and other things. Notable
markets include Camden, Portobello Road and Borough Market. -London is home for Britain's royal family. -If you are an English speaker, then you will have very few problems
communicating with the locals
Disadvantages of the London
-The city is very expensive, particularly if you want to buy a house, or
rent somewhere to live. -The closer you are to the center, the more expensive it gets. -Traveling at peak times really is a drag. The trains and buses can be
overcrowded. It can also be expensive traveling at rush hour. -The infamous British weather can get you down after a while. A day or two
of damp, dark weather is bearable but when it goes on for two weeks, you can
begin to feel depressed. -Driving in central London is hard work and should be avoided. It's also
expensive since congestion charges were introduced.
-The Beatles performed their final concert on the roof of Apple Corps at 3
Saville Row in the West End of the city. The venue is now an Abercrombie &
Fitch store. -It is the first city to host the Olympics three times (1908, 1948 and
2012). -London is the world's most visited city. In 2014, it attracted 16 million
international visitors. -The river Thames flows through London. -"Big Ben" is not actually the name of the famous clock tower, but
the bell inside it. -London Bridge is often confused with Tower Bridge. London Bridge has no
towers, but Tower Bridge does. -In the 14th century, a third of London's population were killed by the
Climate of the London
Modern London has the equable climate of South East England, with mild winters and temperate summers.
The average daytime air temperature is 52 °F (11 °C), with 42 °F (5.5 °C) in
January and 65 °F (18 °C) in July.
These terms and conditions outline the rules and regulations for the use of online services provided by Univerna Ltd on the Website univerna.com.
By accessing this Website, we assume that you accept these terms and conditions. Do not continue to use univerna.com if you do not accept all of the terms and conditions stated on this page.
The following terminology applies to these Terms and Conditions, Privacy Statement and Disclaimer Notice and all Agreements: “Client”, “You” and “Your” refers to you, the person logging in to this Website and compliant to the Company's terms and conditions. “The Company”, “Ourselves”, “We”, “Our” and “Us”, refers to our Company. “Party”, “Parties”, or “Us”, refers to both the Client and ourselves. All terms refer to the offer, acceptance and consideration of payment necessary to undertake the process of our assistance to the Client in the most appropriate manner for the express purpose of meeting the Client's needs in respect of provision of the Company's stated services, in accordance with and subject to, prevailing law of England and Wales. Any use of the above terminology or other words in the singular, plural, capitalization and/or he/she or they, are taken as interchangeable and therefore as referring to same.
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vYou must not:
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Univerna reserves the right to monitor all Comments and to remove any Comments which can be considered inappropriate, offensive or causes breach of these Terms and Conditions.
vYou warrant and represent that:
·You are entitled to post Comments on our Website and have all necessary licenses and consents to do so;
·Your Comments do not invade any intellectual property right, including without limitation copyright, patent or trademark of any third party;
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You hereby grant Univerna a non-exclusive license to use, reproduce, edit and authorize others to use, reproduce and edit any of your Comments in any and all forms, formats or media.
vHyperlinking to our Content:
The following organizations may link to our Website without prior written approval:
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These organizations may link to our home page, to publications or to other Website information so long as the link: (a) is not in any way deceptive; (b) does not falsely imply sponsorship, endorsement or approval of the linking party and its products and/or services; and (c) fits within the context of the linking party's site.
We may consider and approve other link requests from the following types of organizations:
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·dot.com community sites;
·associations or other groups representing charities;
·online directory distributors;
·accounting, law and consulting firms; and
·educational institutions and trade associations.
We will approve link requests from these organizations if we decide that: (a) the link would not make us look unfavourable to ourselves or to our accredited businesses; (b) the organization does not have any negative records with us; (c) the benefit to us from the visibility of the hyperlink compensates the absence of Company Name; and (d) the link is in the context of general resource information.
hese organizations may link to our home page so long as the link: (a) is not in any way deceptive; (b) does not falsely imply sponsorship, endorsement or approval of the linking party and its products or services; and (c) fits within the context of the linking party's site.
Approved organizations may hyperlink to our Website as follows:
·By use of our corporate name; or
·By use of the uniform resource locator being linked to; or
·By use of any other description of our Website being linked to that makes sense within the context and format of content on the linking party's site.
No use of Company Name's logo or other artwork will be allowed for linking absent a trademark license agreement.
Without prior approval and written permission, you may not create frames around our Webpages that alter in any way the visual presentation or appearance of our Website.
We shall not be hold responsible for any content that appears on your Website. You agree to protect and defend us against all claims that is arising on your Website. No link(s) should appear on any Website that may be interpreted as libellous, obscene, criminal, which infringes, otherwise violates, advocates the infringement or other violation of any third party rights.
vReservation of Rights:
We reserve the right to request that you remove all links or any particular link to our Website. You approve to immediately remove all links to our Website upon request. We also reserve the right to amend these terms and conditions and it's linking policy at any time. By continuously linking to our Website, you agree to be bound to and follow these linking terms and conditions.
vRemoval of links from our Website:
If you find any link on our Website that is offensive for any reason, you are free to contact and inform us at any moment. We will consider requests to remove links but we are not obligated to do so or to respond to you directly.
We do not guarantee that the information on this Website is correct, we do not warrant its completeness or accuracy; nor do we promise to ensure that the Website remains available or that the material on the Website is kept up to date.
To the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, we exclude all representations, warranties and conditions relating to our Website and the use of this Website. Nothing in this disclaimer will:
·limit or exclude our or your liability for death or personal injury;
·limit or exclude our or your liability for fraud or fraudulent misrepresentation;
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·exclude any of our or your liabilities that may not be excluded under applicable law.
The limitations and prohibitions of liability set in this section and elsewhere in this disclaimer: (a) are subject to the preceding paragraph; and (b) govern all liabilities arising under the disclaimer, including liabilities arising in contract, in tort and for breach of statutory duty.
As long as the information and services on the Website are provided free of charge, we will not be liable for any loss or damage of any nature.
vOur Commitment to Your Privacy:
data do we collect?
Univerna collects Personal Data or pieces of
information that could allow you to be identified, such as:
·Name, contact and address details (e.g. postal and email address, telephone number)
·Birth date, gender, nationality, marital status, ID and
passport details, picture
·Account information (e.g. user name, profile picture, or
social media account ID, user name, password, IP address, browser and device
data, information collected through cookies, pixel tags and other technologies,
server log file data, application usage data and location data etc.)
·Any other information that might be required from time to
time by our service partners we are cooperating with in order to provide you
with dedicated services such as insurance, accommodation, flight, travel,
communications, banks, immigration
At the moment we do not
collect, store your credit card information or other sensitive financial data
such as your bank account details. Each time you make an online payment at
Univerna, your credit card information gets transferred directly to our service
providers, our partners or their service providers, who are eligible and
authorized to securely handle such sensitive information according to
international standards and regulations.
We do not generally
seek to collect any sensitive Personal Data for our purposes. Sensitive
Personal Data is data related to racial or ethnic origin, political opinions,
religious or philosophical beliefs, health or medical condition, criminal
background or trade union membership. In certain situations, this might however
be necessary (for example in order to provide you with the services and
products you have ordered and in relation to services to our partners or to comply
with applicable laws).
vHow do we collect your data?
You directly provide Univerna with most of the data that we collect during the process of using our services, either by providing the information directly to us or by acting in a manner that provides us with the information.
·We collect Personal Data from you when you search for
different services on our web site, contact us by email, chat, text, phone,
social media, subscribe to our newsletter, register as a user, provide data
through the online application process for our service via email or offline,
via our customer service, enroll in a service or product.
·We collect your Personal Data when you voluntarily complete
a customer survey or provide feedback on any of our message boards or via
·We collect your Personal Data through cookies. Cookies
allow a web server to transfer data to a computer or device for record keeping
and other purposes. If you do not want information collected through the use of
cookies, there is a simple procedure in most browsers that allows you to
We may also receive
your data indirectly from our corporate affiliates, business partners,
assistance providers or claim handlers.
We may receive Personal
Data from other parties in conjunction with your course/program, accommodation,
travel, including but not limited to:
·Business partners, such as local sales agents that promote
the sales of our services in your country of residence.
·Claims handlers who receive information about your
insurance claims in case of an insurance situation.
·Other sources such as public databases; joint marketing
partners such as marketing agencies or providers of software and services for
digital marketing automation and analytics; social media platforms, including
but not limited to; Facebook, Instagram, Snapchat, Musically, LinkedIn,
Twitter, YouTube and messenger services such as WhatsApp or Facebook Messenger.
vHow will we use your data?
Univerna collects your
data so that we can process and follow up your application and other ordered
services as well as to manage your account.
We will retain your
service history and usage details of the services you have previously purchased
to make suggestions to you for other services and products which we or our
partners believe you might also be interested in.
Once you apply through
our site, you agree that we will share your data with our partner companies
(such as educational institutions, travel service providers, accommodation providers,
insurance companies etc.) in order to offer you their dedicated services or
products and provide the services you have purchased.
processes your application service order, it may send your data to, and also
use the resulting information from credit reference agencies to prevent
Please note that any information that you provide to our partner companies is
any third party’s use of information that you provide through the use of this
vHow do we store your data?
stores your data, using appropriate organizational, technical and
administrative measures to keep the Personal Data under our control, accurate
and up-to-date, as well as to protect the Personal Data against unauthorized or
unlawful processing and the accidental loss, destruction or damage of the
We will only keep your Personal Data for as long as it is necessary for the
purposes for which it has been collected or in accordance with time limits
stipulated by law and market practice, unless further retention is necessary
for compliance with a legal obligation or for the establishment, exercise or
defence of legal claims or unless a specific time period has been communicated.
We will keep limited parts of your Personal Data which are necessary for
marketing purposes until you withdraw your consent, but in no event for longer
than 10 years after your last completed service or delivery of product.
justification for processing your data:
We base our right to
collect and use your Personal Data on the need to do so in order to provide you
with the services or products that you have ordered or might be interested to
order from us, or when there is a legitimate interest for us (i.e. the service
provider) to use your Personal Data, such as for the marketing of services or
products similar to the one(s) you have already purchased from that same legal
Univerna would like to
send you information about services and products of ours that we think you
might be interested in, as well as those of our partner companies. If you have
agreed to receive marketing, you may always opt out at a
vHow to unsubscribe?
If at any time you wish
to stop receiving marketing or other communications from us, you can use the
unsubscribe link in the mail you received earlier or let us know by using the
“Contact Us” section. In your request, please indicate that you wish to stop
receiving marketing emails from us.
Please note that changes may not be effective immediately. We will endeavour to
comply with your request(s) as soon as reasonably practicable.
vWhat are your data protection rights?
Univerna would like to
make sure that you are fully aware of all your data protection rights. Every
user is entitled to the following:
·The right to access – You have the right to request
copies of your personal data from Univerna. We may charge you a reasonable fee
for this service.
·The right to rectification – You have the right to
request that Univerna corrects any information you believe is inaccurate. You
also have the right to request Univerna to complete the information you believe
·The right to erasure – You have the right to request
that Univerna erases your personal data, under certain conditions.
·The right to restrict processing – You have the right
to request that Univerna restricts the processing of your personal data, under
·The right to object to processing – You have the right
to object to Univerna’s processing of your personal data, under certain
·The right to data portability – You have the right to
request that Univerna transfers the data that it has collected to another organization,
or directly to you, under certain conditions.
Cookies are text files
placed on your computer to collect standard Internet log information and
visitor behavior information. When you visit our websites, we may collect
information from you automatically through cookies or similar technology.
At the moment our
functioning of our web site and the services we provide online. In the future
we may apply cookies in a range of ways to improve your experience on our
·Keeping you signed in, recognize you on our website and
remember your previously selected preferences as well as to understand how you
use our website such as your language and program preferences, your location
etc. A mix of first-party and third-party cookies may be used.
·Collect information about your visit to our website, the
content you viewed, the links you followed and information about your browser,
device, and your IP address. Our Company may sometimes share some limited
aspects of this data with third parties for advertising purposes. We may also
share online data collected through cookies with our advertising partners. This means that when
you visit another website, you may be shown advertising based on your browsing
patterns on our website.
vHow to manage cookies:
You can set your
browser not to accept cookies. And you can also use browser functionality to
remove cookies from your browser. However, we shall introduce a cookie selector
the proper functioning of our web site.
vPrivacy policies of other websites:
Our website contains
change from time to time. We will not significantly reduce your rights under
changes on this page and, prior to implementing such changes, we will provide a
more prominent notice. Where required by law, we will seek your prior consent
vHow to contact us:
If you have any
like to exercise one of your data protection rights, please do not hesitate to
contact us using our contact form on our web site.
vHow to contact the appropriate authority:
If you have complaints
about our handling of your Personal Data, you have the right to contact the
supervisory authority in the country where you live.