Rome, the Eternal City, is the capital and largest city of Italy and of the Lazio region. It is famous for being the home of the ancient Roman Empire, the Seven Hills, La Dolce Vita (the sweet life), the Vatican City, and Three Coins in the Fountain. Rome, as a millennia-long center of power, culture (having been the cradle of one of the globe's greatest civilizations ever), and religion, has exerted a huge influence over the world in its roughly 2800 years of existence.
The historic center of the city is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. With wonderful palaces, thousand-year-old churches, grand Romantic ruins, opulent monuments, ornate statues, and graceful fountains, Rome has an immensely rich historical heritage and cosmopolitan atmosphere, making it one of Europe's and the world's most visited, famous, influential, and beautiful capitals. Today, Rome has a growing nightlife scene and is also seen as a shopping heaven, being regarded as one of the fashion capitals of the world (some of Italy's oldest jewelry and clothing establishments were founded in the city).
With so many sights and things to do, Rome can truly be classified a "global city".
- Rome is home to 24 Italian and international colleges and universities, and its oldest public university
- Rome’s location on the Mediterranean in the center of Italy has been strategic for centuries, serving as an important gateway between Europe, Africa, and Asia. Using the city’s many train stations, students can easily reach other cities around Italy; Florence, the birthplace of Renaissance art, and Naples, the motherland of pizza, are both less than two hours away
- Rome is a city unlike any other. The city’s 50+ museums and 900+ churches house world-renowned paintings, frescoes, and sculptures. The cobblestoned streets and majestic piazzas are architectural masterpieces in themselves, and the city is home to no less than 12 UNESCO World Heritage sites
- Friendly locals
- Healthcare options to suit a broad range of budgets
- Access to affordable public schools
- Excellent public transport
- Reasonable cost of living
- Family-friendly city
- Language barrier
- Traffic is a nightmare
- The job market is highly competitive
- Modern Rome has 280 fountains and more than 900 churches.
- Nearly 700,000 euros worth of coins are tossed into Rome’s Trevi Fountain each year. The proceeds are donated to Caritas to help those in need.
- The Romans had built a road network of 53,000 miles by the early fourth century. Each Roman mile was about 4,800 feet and marked by a milestone, giving birth to the saying “All roads lead to Rome.”
- In Ancient Rome, only free-born men were allowed to wear togas, a sign of Roman citizenship. Women wore stolas, the female version of togas, made from linen.
- The mascot of Rome is a she-wolf that cared for brothers Romulus and Remus, the mythological founders of Rome.
- Rome became the capital city of unified Italy in 1870, taking the title from Florence.
- Law in Rome allows cats to live without disruption in the place they were born. Wild cats can be climbing the walls of the Colosseum, and sleeping among the ruins of the Forum.
- Women in ancient Rome dyed their hair with goat fat and beech wood ashes. The most popular colors were red and blond.
- The first ever shopping mall was built in Rome between 107 and 110 AD by Emperor Trajan. It sold a wide variety of goods and grocery items.
- Rome’s first university, La Sapienza, established in 1303 AD, is the largest in Europe and the second largest in the world.
- Rome has a museum dedicated entirely to pasta.
- St Peter’s basilica inside Vatican City is the largest church ever constructed.
Rome has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification: Csa), with hot, dry summers and mild, humid winters. Its average annual temperature is above 21 °C (70 °F) during the day and 9 °C (48 °F) at night. In the coldest month, January, the average temperature is 12.6 °C (54.7 °F) during the day and 2.1 °C (35.8 °F) at night. In the warmest month, August, the average temperature is 31.7 °C (89.1 °F) during the day and 17.3 °C (63.1 °F) at night.