Szczecin is located on the river Oder, south of the Szczecin Lagoon and the Bay of Pomerania. The city is situated along the southwestern shore of Dąbie Lake, on both sides of the Oder and on several large islands between the western and eastern branches of the river. Szczecin is adjacent to the town of Police and is the urban centre of the Szczecin agglomeration, an extended metropolitan area that includes communities in the German states of Brandenburg and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.
The city's recorded history began in the 8th century as a Lechitic Pomeranian stronghold, built at the site of the Ducal castle. In the 12th century, when Szczecin had become one of Pomerania's main urban centres, it lost its independence to Piast Poland, the Duchy of Saxony, the Holy Roman Empire and Denmark. At the same time, the House of Griffins established themselves as local rulers and the population was Christianized. After the Treaty of Stettin in 1630, the town came under the control of the Swedish Empire and became in 1648 the capital of Swedish Pomerania until 1720, when it was acquired by the Kingdom of Prussia and then the German Empire. Following World War II Stettin became part of Poland in accordance with the Potsdam Agreement, resulting in the almost complete expulsion of the pre-war German population.
Szczecin is the capital city of the West Pomeranian Voivodeship in Poland. In the vicinity of the Baltic Sea, it is the country’s seventh-largest city and a major seaport in Poland. Szczecin is located on the Oder River, south of the Szczecin Lagoon and the Bay of Pomerania. The city is situated along the southwestern shore of Dąbie Lake, on both sides of the Oder and on several large islands between the western and eastern branches of the river. Szczecin is a center of Szczecin agglomeration and borders directly with the town of Police.
Apart from being a traditional junction of main European routes, Szczecin is considered to be a crucial seaport, closely connected with the nearby Swinoujscie port and a large shipbuilding centre. While Szczecin attracts mostly business travellers, it can also form an interesting tourist destination. Several enchanting sights, the many parks, and the impressive number of bars are Szczecin’s main attractions.
You can study in Szczecin and learn alot about culture of Poland while enjoying fantastic ambience it has. Its architecture is often compared with Paris, as the heart of the city is a star-shaped square, with diverging avenues. There is another reason for making the comparison with Paris – Baron G.E. Haussmann, who created a town-planning project for the French capital, also designed Szczecin.
The climate of Szczecin is moderately continental, characterized by cold winters, with temperatures often below freezing (0 °C or 32 °F), and mild or pleasantly warm summers.
The city is located in northern Poland, 55 km (35 miles) from the Baltic coast (Pomeranian Bay), and is a port on the Oder River, which forms a lagoon to the north. It is the capital of the Western Pomeranian voivodeship.
Winter is cold and gray. Snowfalls are frequent, but generally not abundant.
Sometimes, cold waves from Siberia can occur, and the temperatures can drop to -20 °C (-4 °F) or below. The temperature dropped to -30 °C (-22 °F) in January 1987, to -26 °C (-15 °F) in January 2006, and to -25 °C (-13 °F) in February 2012.
In summer, the temperatures are pleasant and suitable for outdoor activities, although sometimes there can be rains and thunderstorms.
Every now and then (and more often in recent years due to global warming), there can be short heat waves, with maximum temperatures exceeding 30 °C (86 °F). The temperature reached 38 °C (100 °F) in August 1994, and 36 °C (97 °F) in July 2010, August 2015 and August 2018.
The average temperature of the coldest month (January) is of 0 °C (32 °F), that of the warmest month (July) is of 18.8 °C (66 °F). Here are the average temperatures.