Warsaw is the capital and largest city of Poland. The metropolis stands on the Vistula River in east-central Poland and its population is officially estimated at 1.8 million residents within a greater metropolitan area of 3.1 million residents, which makes Warsaw the 7th most-populous capital city in the European Union. Its historical Old Town was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Bombed at the start of the German invasion in 1939, the city withstood a siege but was largely destroyed by the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising in 1943, the general Warsaw Uprising in 1944, and the systematic razing by the Germans in advance of the Vistula–Oder Offensive. Warsaw gained the new title of Phoenix City because of its complete reconstruction after the war, which had left over 85% of its buildings in ruins.
- The capital city of Poland and its economic and business center, where all the administrative facilities are located.
- It’s important to know, that Warsaw was entirely destroyed during II World War and it was rebuilt in the second half of the 20th century.
- Warsaw is a very dynamically developing cultural and entertainment center.
- There are up to 80 public and private universities in Warsaw.
- Accommodation is affordable and generally easy to find.
- Relatively inexpensive compared to other European countries.
- Vibrant nightlife and entertainment in Polish cities.
- Developed an affordable public transport system.
- Small apartments and limited space.
- Prices for clothing and petrol.
- Long winters.
- The language barrier: Older Poles are less likely to speak English.
- Discover unusual murals and street art.
- Go on the communist Warsaw tour.
- Find unique neons at the neon museum.
- Try unusual Polish food that will surprise you.
- Since World War II, Warsaw has been the most important center of film production in Poland.
- In the Old Town, which was designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage site in 1980, the Gothic St. John’s Cathedral and the red-brick fortifications known as the Barbican remain from the medieval period.
The climate is moderate and rather cool, the prevailing westerly winds bringing frequent changes of weather. The average yearly temperature is in the mid-40s F (about 8 °C), with a July average in the mid-60s F (about 19 °C) and a January average in the mid-20s F (about −3 °C). Yearly rainfall averages 21 inches (541 mm), most of which falls in the summer. Snow cover persists for 50 to 64 days a year.